American Cancer Society Recommendations For Early Breast Cancer Detection
Prostate Cancer Statistics
Colorectal cancer screening helps people stay well and saves lives. Regular colorectal cancer testing is one of the most powerful weapons for preventing colorectal cancer or finding it early, when it’s easier to treat. There are 2 basic types of screening tests:
Current evidence supporting mammograms is even stronger than in the past. In particular, recent evidence has confirmed that mammograms offer substantial benefit for women in their 40s. Women can feel confident about the benefits associated with regular mammograms for finding cancer early. However, mammograms also have limitations. A mammogram will miss some cancers, and it sometimes leads to follow up of findings that are not cancer, including biopsies.
Women should be told about the benefits, limitations, and potential harms linked with regular screening. Mammograms can miss some cancers. But despite their limitations, they remain a very effective and valuable tool for decreasing suffering and death from breast cancer.
Mammograms for older women should be based on the individual, her health, and other serious illnesses, such as congestive heart failure, end-stage renal disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and moderate-to-severe dementia. Age alone should not be the reason to stop having regular mammograms. As long as a woman is in good health and would be a candidate for treatment, she should continue to be screened with a mammogram.
Women age 40 and older should have a screening mammogram every year and should continue to do so for as long as they are in good health.
Each day, another 33 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States (about 12,000 women per year). Unlike some other cancers, cervical cancer is not considered to be passed down through family genes. It is caused by certain types of HPV. When a female is infected with these types of HPV, and the virus doesn’t go away on its own, abnormal cells can develop in the lining of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina). If these abnormal cells are not found early through routine cervical cancer screening and treated, pre-cancers and then cervical cancer can develop.
Having regular Pap tests is the best way to help protect against cervical cancer in the future. A Pap test doesn't diagnose HPV, but it looks for abnormal cells (that are caused by certain types of HPV) in the lining of the cervix before the cells become pre-cancer. To determine if the changes seen on an abnormal Pap test are caused by HPV, your doctor can order an HPV test.
Removing polyps can help prevent colorectal cancer from ever starting. And cancers found in an early stage, while they are small and before they have spread, are more easily treated. Nine out of 10 people whose colon cancer is discovered early will be alive 5 years later. And many will live a normal life span.
But all too often people don’t get any of these screening tests. Then the cancer can grow and spread without being noticed. Early on, colorectal cancer doesn’t usually cause any changes that are noticed (symptoms). In most cases, by the time people do have symptoms the cancer is advanced and very hard to treat.
Regular screening is the most reliable way to find these cancers in the early stages. Ask a doctor about the best screening plan for you.
• Tests that mainly find cancer: These involve testing the stool (feces) for signs that cancer may be present. These tests are easier, but they are also less likely to detect polyps.
• Tests that can find both colorectal polyps and cancer: These tests look at the structure of the colon itself to find any abnormal areas. Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy fall in this group, along with double-contrast barium enema and CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy). These tests are preferred if they are available and you are willing to have them.
Aside from non-melanoma skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the United States. It is also one of the leading causes of cancer death among men of all races and Hispanic origin populations. For more information, visit Cancer Among Men.
In 2010 (the most recent year numbers are available)
•196,038 men in the United States were diagnosed with prostate cancer.
•28,560 men in the United States died from prostate cancer.
2017 Goal - $25,000
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